Searching for the work of specific authors can be difficult: there can be multiple authors with the same family name and initials, even within the same research field. An author can also change his or her name (for example after marriage) or change research fields. When you want to compare researchers, it’s important that you are looking at the work of the intended researcher, not also at the work of another researcher with the same name.
Web of Science tries to solve this problem in two ways: the author search, with distinct author sets, and with linking authors to two Author Identifiers: Publons/ResearcherID and ORCID.
This part of the course covers:
Open the Researchers tab. You can perform a Name Search or search by Author identifier, using ResearcherID or ORCID iD.
In the first step of the Name Search you have to enter the last name and at least one initial of the author.
Click Search. The result is a list of author records. An author record is a set of documents likely authored by the same person. An algorithm of Web of Science generates these sets. One author can have multiple author records in Web of Science and sometimes a publication is linked to the wrong author. You can refine the results, by using the filter options on the left side of the screen.
The results list shows the name, name variants, the last affiliation, the number of documents, publication years, top journals, a link to see recent publications, and when available the ResearcherID (the author identifier used by Web of Science). A green mark means that the author 'claimed' that record, he or she verified the publications list. Unfortunately, once a author record is claimed, the algorithm of Web of Science can't update that author record anymore, and a new author record is created.
Web of Science displays two author identifiers: ResearcherID and ORCID. These are both individual author identifiers, that will stay with the researcher over the course of his or her career, regardless of name changes or changes in institution affiliation.
ResearcherID is an author identifier developed by Clarivate Analytics. You can see the profiles with the publications, peer review activities etc. linked to a ReseacherID in Publons. A researcher has to create his own Researcher ID and keep it up to date (we strongly advise you to make your own ResearcherID! See our handout). When you know the ResearcherID of the author you’re interested in, you can enter it in the Basic Search in the field 'Author Identifiers' or in the Authors search by selecting the option Author Identifiers instead of Name Search. When an article is claimed by a researcher via Publons/ResearcherID, the ResearcherID is shown in the full record of an article in Web of Science.
ORCID is an initiative to solve the author/contributor name ambiguity problem in scholarly communications by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author ID schemes, including ResearcherID. Researchers have to create their own ORCID iD ánd link it with their ResearcherID. ORCID can be linked to other identifiers as well, like the Scopus Author ID. When you know the ORCID iD of the author you’re interested in, you can enter it in the Basic Search in the field 'Author Identifiers' or in the Authors search by selecting the option Author Identifiers instead of Name Search. The ORCID iD is shown in the full record of an article in Web of Science.
Please note: the researcher has to keep his/her author identifiers up-to-date. It's possible you don't find all his or her publications when you search by an identifier. In this example, the ResearcherID and the ORCID iD of the researcher are not linked yet.
When you have created a list of publications of the researcher you want to investigate, you can create a Citation Report, based on the records in Web of Science.
Click the button Citation Report above the search results.
Here you can see the number of publications, the H-index of the researcher, the number of citations and citing articles, also without self-citations. This information is based on the articles in the results list, so you have to make sure that list is accurate and up-to-date (otherwise the H-index could for example be partially based on the articles and citation received by someone else!).
What does 'without self-citations' mean in Web of Science? This is the total number of citing articles minus any article that appears in the set of search results on the Citation Report. This means this number is not determined by matching author names: it is possible you see articles from the author in the list of citing articles. In that case, check your search criteria, maybe you excluded certain author sets.