There are many terms for approaches to a literature review:
Word cloud based on: Some common types of literature review. Source: Booth, A. a.o. (2016) Systematic approaches to a succesful literature review, p. 10.
These approaches differ slightly from each other, but the main principles remain the same. Essential is that a literature review is question-led. At the same time your question is shaped and influenced by the goal and focus of the review:
The 2 most common forms of a literature review probably are labeled narrative review, and systematic review. The narrative style describes and discusses the state-of-the-art of a specific topic or theme from a more theoretical and contextual point of view, whereas the formalized systematic review follows explicit procedures .These are often used in biomedical / healthcare fields to provide evidence of interventions.
See the hand out for a matrix of all mentioned types of literature review.
Whatever approach to reviewing is adopted, you have to make certain decisions concerning the following:
Interested in how good literature reviews can look like? See two examples under Suggested: a peer-reviewed publication (article) in the biomedical field (systematic approach) and a book chapter as part of a thesis (narrative approach).